Basic Tips on How the Electrical System Works for Homeowners

2 June 2015
 Categories: , Blog


Electricity is essential for running almost every major item in your home, including the heating system. However, there are several different types of electrical functionalities that work cohesively in order to produce the power that is distributed throughout your home. If you are having trouble with your electrical system, the problem could stem from issues with the circuit breaker box, the wiring system or sub-panel. The information below provides some details on how this system works to provide power for your home.

Understanding The Circuit Breaker Box

The circuit breaker box is the central point where the electricity enters the home. Typically, there is a watt-hour meter situated next to the circuit breaker box that determines the amount of electricity used in your home. The circuit breaker box is designed to distribute electrical currents throughout the home.

The breakers within the box connect to different circuit points within the home routing electricity to each room separately to prevent a power overload. However, if there is an excess amount of electricity running through the home that specific circuit will turn itself off to prevent power overload. If you notice this happens regularly, it may be necessary to have the circuit breaker box examined to determine if you need to have it repaired or replaced.

Understanding The Wiring System

Once the electricity flows through the circuit breaker box it is then distributed throughout the home's wiring system. The circuit is made up of hot wires that transmit the power from the main electric panel to the receptacle and neutral wires and then reroutes it back to the main panel.

The electrical wiring system in your home conducts the power and transmits to your electronic component, lights and receptacles. In addition, the grounding wires travel through the breaker box and into the ground in order to divert the electricity from possibly short-circuiting wires and causing an electrical shock injury. If you notice your sparks when plugging up a device, it's possible there is a problem with the internal wiring in your home.  

Residential Sub-panels

If your house is equipped with different circuits or large appliance, you may have sub-panels. This is designed to hold another set of circuit breakers. The sub-panels would be equipped to maintain power to rooms requiring a lot of electricity, such as the kitchen and laundry room. This is designed to prevent power interruptions for system overloads.

Electrical problems can be dangerous and lead to fire or possible injury if not fixed immediately. If you notice issues with your systems, consult with an electrician in Hamilton to have it fixed.


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