Home inspections are done to look for potential issues with the foundation, electrical system, plumbing system, and other areas of your home. It keeps you from having more serious problems to deal with later on. Here are four main areas of the home to inspect about once a year.
Your electrical system needs to be in proper working order, as frayed wires and exposed wires can lead to potential fire hazards. Start by checking the electrical system outdoors, being sure no wires are close to trees or bushes. Head over to your electrical panel or fuse box and be sure there aren't obvious signs of wear. Check that all fuses are present and you don't have any blown fuses. You may need to replace some of your breakers or fuses at this point. Go inside your home and test every outlet and light fuse. For safety and other reasons, it may be a good idea to hire an electrical contractor to take care of this part of the inspection for you.
Insulation and Ventilation
The next area of your home to check is the insulation and ventilation. Start with the windows and doors, looking for any cracks or damage to the weatherstripping. This could affect how well your home is insulated and cause air to escape. If you are dealing with high heating or air conditioning bills, it is likely due to lack of insulation around the windows and doors. Also inspect your attic, being sure all ventilation systems are working properly. A good way to check the attic is by going up during the day and turning the lights off. If any light comes through the roof, you know there is a hole or crack.
This is also a good time to give your plumbing system a thorough inspection. Check the plumbing in every room of your home, including the kitchen, bathrooms, basement, and laundry room. Turn on every faucet, including the bathtub and shower to be sure the water runs clear and goes down the drain. Make note of any drains that seem to be backed up. Also check underneath all sinks to take a look at the fittings, which are the plastic or metal pieces that hold pipes together. Flush the toilets to be sure there are no problems. Check pipes for signs of rusting or cracks.
Finally, take some time inspecting the exterior of your home, beginning with the roof. Look for broken shingles, holes, or cracks on the roof's surface. If you have broken tiles or shingles, now is a good time to replace them. When you are on the roof, also look at the gutters. This is a good time to clean out the gutters. When your roof inspection is done, check all surfaces around your home, including the foundation, patio, and driveway. If you see areas of damage, get repairs done and seal the surfaces to reduce damage in the future.